Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a safe environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health systems management, and education are also key nursing roles. (ICN 2010).
In Australia, nursing is also defined through the enrolled nurse, registered nurse and nurse practitioner standards for practice, and the code of conduct and code of ethics for nurses in Australia.